Home is your child’s first and most important classroom and you, Mom and Dad, are your child’s first and most important teacher. Children learn throughout every moment of the day, not just at school. While home should be a place of comfort and rest (not flash cards and other drills), it can still be stimulating and engaging, which will promote peace and rest for everyone in the family.
An engaged child = A happy child
A happy child = A happy parent
In the early 20th century, Maria Montessori surprised parents, educators and professionals by teaching adults that children do not see life, nor do they experience life, as an adult does. They require different sized furniture and apparatus to succeed in caring for themselves. She also taught that children absorb knowledge from their environments and so adults should make an effort to create engaging, attractive and organized environments for children.
A cost-effective and simple application of this teaching is to create learning-centers at home. Next time you drop your child at preschool, stop and take a look around their classroom. You’ll notice several neatly organized learning centers with child-sized objects displayed for learning at your child’s height. Preschool teachers select these items for the classroom because they stimulate a child’s desire to learn, engage their attention, and enhance their learning experience. Why not try this at home?
If you are interested in more reasons to stray from the cultural norms of arranging play-things at home (i.e the playroom) check out my article on “Rethinking the Playroom”. If I have already convinced you, read on!
How to Create Activity Centers at Home
The good news is you likely already own most of what you’ll need to create activity centers at home, it is just a matter of rearranging. The bad news is, if you are accustomed to a playroom, that you’ll need to adjust to sharing some adult space with your kids. I promise that everyone will be happier, learn more and come to enjoy the new arrangement. Just give it a try!
Play centers are typically themed. For instance, an art center, science center, manipulative table, space for puzzles, reading nook, dress-up center, blocks/building area, train/activity table, kitchen/pretend play area, music corner, etc… Look at the supplies you already have to decide which centers you want to create. If your kids love music, then make a music center. If they love building, then make a block center, etc…. Make sure to offer a variety of opportunities. Young boys love playing kitchen, just like young girls love science and building. Try to decide on 5 learning center themes for getting started.
Next, you’ll need to find space to create each center. Where in your home do you and your children spend the most time? Most young children like to play and learn near their parents. If you spend most of your day in the kitchen, then find space in or near the kitchen for centers. If you are in the basement most of the day, then design centers near the basement. Thankfully, young children are small and do not need a lot of room for an activity center. Simply offering a drawer with bowls, measuring cups and utensils in the kitchen can count as a kitchen center. Children will, of course, want to dump the contents of the drawer, but keeping the center small is great because then your child can reasonably be asked to clean it up when they are done playing.
Here is my kitchen center:
It is the most complex and involved activity center in my home (so no stress to create a center this involved). I choose bland colored furniture (because it is static and does not change) and added brightly colored accessories that can change and capture attention. Notice that the kitchen is staged for play to entice a child as they are passing by to stop. Some weeks I put out play food, a scanner, bags and a cash register. Others I offer interesting utensils or a tea set, etc… On the left side of the kitchen (hard to see) hangs a apron and chef’s hat. Children (boys included!) love dress up play and it is especially exciting when it matches the theme of the activity center. Perhaps in a science center you can leave a lab coat and goggles and in the tool center a work vest and gloves, etc…
Art centers are easily created with an easel. They offer a simple stationary piece of furniture that can be used with various types of art supplies. I keep the extra art supplies in a cabinet out of reach and list the options available when a child approaches the easel. Some days paint is offered and others it isn’t because it requires more clean-up. Crayons and chalk are always available and the children can ask to use markers, stamper paints, watercolors, grease markers, colored pencils, stamps and ink, child-safe scissors, tape, etc…. Notice the art center only takes up one corner of a room.
A easy way to create a center with many different purposes is to use your child-sized table. Each day (or week) the activity can change from science to puzzles to art to math, etc… The key to turning the child-sized table and chairs into a center from simply a piece of furniture is to always have an activity on the table and call the table an “activity center”. These actions will help your child build expectancy. They will learn that when they choose to play at the table, an interesting activity will be offered. Display the activities with many parts in a bin to help keep the pieces together. Keep the activities simple so you don’t burn out. Here is our activity table this week. I am offering paper clips and horse-shoe magnets to play (science). It took me only 2 minutes to display this activity.
To create a reading nook, find a corner of a room and place soft pillows, blankets, a rug or a child sized chair in the corner. Display books next to the comfy accessories. You can use a wall mount (as seen below) to display books, a little book display case (as seen here) or just prop the books up on the floor, slightly opened like they do at the library. Try to avoid book cases that require you to place the book in a slot that only shows the binding to the child. Remember young children are not yet readers. The beautiful colors and pictures on the cover of children’s books are their to invite children to open and read the book. They need to see the pictures in order to take initiative on their own.
Once you have established your 5 new activity centers in your most trafficked rooms, spread out around the house. Strive to create one center in each room of the home that is safe for children. Keep in mind that centers can be simple- a small basket or drawer filled with themed items for play will do. Use small rugs or corners of rooms to section off an activity center. Montessori taught us that kids learn the most from and enjoy activities that mimic adult work. Children have a natural desire to copy your behaviors because they need to learn how to survive in the adult world. Therefore, offer real kitchen items for play in the kitchen. Offer safe tools if you play in the garage. Find objects for play in the laundry room that will allow the child to mimic cleaning the clothes. Have fun and be creative and do share ideas, questions and success stories!